According to a report published in 2011 by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, more than 2.6 million children between the ages of 0 and 19 years of age were brought to emergency rooms in the United States due to recreation or sports-related injuries. While some of these injuries were probably minor ones that could be treated with simple Rest, Ice, Compression and Elevation (RICE), other injuries required professional care.
Here are seven of the most common injuries that a child might suffer while playing a sport:
1. Growth Plate Fractures
Because the growth plates at the end of a child's long bones are the last portion to harden, they are susceptible to fractures. It is very important that parents take a child to an orthopedic physician if there is the possibility that their child may have suffered this type of fracture. Children who either do not receive treatment or get insufficient treatment for growth plate fractures may end up with a crooked or uneven limb.
2. Stress Fractures
A variety of factors, including participation in a sport that require repetitive motion, poor footwear, or a sudden increase in a child's level of activity can result in painful stress fractures.
3. Sprains or Strains
Sprains refer to ligaments that have been torn or stretched, while strains refer to muscles that have suffered these types of injuries. Ankles and wrists are the most common body parts to be sprained.
4. Knee Injuries
Sports, such as football and basketball, that involve a lot of turning and twisting can be hard on young knees. According to Science Daily, tears of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) and meniscus, which are located in the knees, have increased dramatically in children in recent years.
5. Osgood-Schlatter Disease (OSD)
Children who complain of anterior knee pain while running, kneeling or jumping may have OSD. This condition most commonly affects children who participate in sports such as soccer, basketball and volleyball.
6. Osteochondritis Dissecans (OD)
This problem is caused when a piece of cartilage and a thin layer of bone break loose and then gets caught between moving joints. In children, OD is most commonly seen in the knees and ankles.
7. Severs Disease
This is a painful heel condition that commonly affects children. Severs Disease is caused by inflammation of the growth plate in a child's heel, and it typically occurs during the growth spurt that occurs during early puberty.
Should you believe your child may have developed one of these common injuries, contact Academy Foot and Ankle
for more information.