Texas Foot Doctor's Blog
Posts for tag: Pediatric Podiatry
Normally, most people will walk with their toes and feet pointing straight ahead. However, sometimes children’s feet turn when they walk, which can be called intoeing or being pigeon-toed. Your child may walk with their feet pointing in, but most cases can be corrected on their own as the child grows up, which most adults don't deal with intoeing.
Your podiatrist is available to properly diagnose your child’s feet and provide proper treatment plans when needed. There are three common causes of intoeing:
- Tibial torsion – the shinbone is the most commonly twisted bone. This twist can be caused by the way the baby lay in the womb while the bones are still soft.
- Femoral anteversion – the thighbone can also be twisted inwards, but is usually corrected over time, slowly.
- Metatarsus adductus – the feet are curved inwards and typically get better without treatment, but for some children who have very curved feet, some bracing may help in the first couple of years of life.
According to your podiatrist, children who have intoeing tend to trip a little more at first, but will be fine later on. Children with intoeing will also be just as good at sports and are no more likely to get arthritis or back problems than anyone else.
Intoeing should not get worse and your child should be able to participate in all types of physical activities. If you think your child’s intoeing is getting worse, visit your podiatrist. It is important to remember:
- Most children do not require treatment and self-correct over time.
- Special shoes and braces are not usually needed and are only recommended in rare cases.
- Orthotics have no role in the correction of intoeing.
Visit your podiatrist for more information on intoeing and the best measures to take to protect your child from further complications.
As parents, we want our children to remain healthy and happy. But when they are in pain, it is our duty to find the best ways to relieve their discomfort. While many toddlers grow out of flat feet, it is important to pay close attention to your child’s feet in order to ensure they are developing properly.
Pediatric flat feet can be classified as symptomatic or asymptomatic, and are quite common. Symptomatic flat feet exhibit symptoms such as pain and limitation of activity, while asymptomatic flat feet show no symptoms at all.
Flat foot can be apparent at birth or it can show up years later. Most children with flat feet have no symptoms, but some have one or more of the following:
- Pain, tenderness, or cramping in the foot, leg and knee
- Outward tilting of the heel
- Awkwardness or changes in walking
- Difficulty wearing shoes
- Reduced energy
- Voluntary withdrawal from physical activities
How Is Flat Foot Identified?
Your podiatrist will diagnose your child by examining the foot and observing how it looks when he or she stands and sits. Your podiatrist will observe how your child walks and will evaluate the range of motion of the foot. Since flat foot can sometimes be related to problems in the leg, your podiatrist may also examine the knee and hip. X-rays may be used to determine the severity of the deformity, with additional imaging and tests needed for further diagnosis.
Visit our office for further diagnosis and treatment options for your child’s flat feet. While many children do grow out of flat feet, if your child suffers from pain caused by flat foot, we can help them get back on their feet again!
Backpacks, paper, pencils and clothes are just a few of the things your youngster may need before the start of a new school year. When shopping for your child during back-to-school season and throughout the year, don’t forget to add proper fitting shoes to your shopping list.
Your child’s feet are rapidly changing and growing. In fact, feet grow so fast when kids are young that parents are often surprised at how often they need to change shoe sizes to accommodate the growth.
According to the American Podiatric Medical Association, parents should consider a few things when selecting shoes for their little one. Remember these tips the next time you buy a new pair of shoes for your child:
- Proper size: Ill-fitting footwear can lead to irritation and other problems, so always measure your child’s feet before buying a new pair of shoes. Because feet are seldom the same size, always buy shoes for your child’s larger foot.
- Avoid sharing shoes: Hand-me-down shoes can spread fungi such as nail fungus and athlete’s foot.
- Index finger: As a general rule, leave an index finger's width from the top of the big toe to the end of the shoe.
- Breathing room: Buy shoes made of natural, breathable fabrics that are soft and pliable like your child’s feet.
- Test them out: Always bring your child with you to the store to try on shoes before purchasing a new pair. When testing out shoes, the child should wear the socks that they would normally wear to ensure proper fit. Have your child walk around the store to test comfort and fit.
- Examine the shoe itself: Your child’s shoe should have a firm heel counter, adequate cushioning of the insole, good flexibility and a built-in arch.
Because kids’ feet are soft and pliable, pressure on them at a young age can easily cause foot problems and deformity. By promoting healthy footwear choices and consulting your podiatrist whenever you suspect your child has a foot problem, you can ensure the healthy development of their feet.
Did you know more than 2.6 million children between the ages of 5 and 19 years of age were brought to emergency rooms in the United States due to sports-related injuries? While some of these injuries were probably minor ones that could be treated with simple Rest, Ice, Compression and Elevation (RICE), other injuries required professional care at Academy Foot & Ankle Specialists
Here are SEVEN of the most common injuries that a child might suffer while playing a sport:
Growth Plate Fractures
Because the growth plates at the end of a child's long bones are the last portion to harden, they are susceptible to fractures. It is very important that parents take a child to Academy Foot & Ankle Specialists if there is the possibility that their child may have suffered this type of fracture. Children who either do not receive treatment or get insufficient treatment for growth plate fractures may end up with a crooked or uneven limb.
A variety of factors, including participation in a sport that require repetitive motion, poor footwear, or a sudden increase in a child's level of activity can result in painful stress fractures.
Sprains or Strains
Sprains refer to ligaments that have been torn or stretched, while strains refer to muscles that have suffered these types of injuries. Ankles and wrists are the most common body parts to be sprained.
Sports, such as football and basketball, that involve a lot of turning and twisting can be hard on young knees. According to Science Daily, tears of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) and meniscus, which are located in the knees, have increased dramatically in children in recent years.
Osgood-Schlatter Disease (OSD)
Children who complain of anterior knee pain while running, kneeling or jumping may have OSD. This condition most commonly affects children who participate in sports such as soccer, basketball and volleyball.
Osteochondritis Dissecans (OD)
This problem is caused when a piece of cartilage and a thin layer of bone break loose and then gets caught between moving joints. In children, OD is most commonly seen in the knees and ankles.
Severs Disease/Pediatric Heel Pain
This is a painful heel condition that commonly affects children. Severs Disease is caused by inflammation of the growth plate in a child's heel, and it typically occurs during the growth spurt that occurs during early puberty.
Additional information can be found at www.texasfootdoctor.org or by contacting us at 817-424-3668(Foot)